By Professor Claudine Attias-Donfut, Joanne Cook, Dr Jaco Hoffman, Louise Waite
This ebook explores migration reports of African households throughout generations in Britain, France and South Africa. worldwide strategies of African migration are investigated, and the lived reports of African migrants are explored in components comparable to citizenship, belonging, intergenerational transmission, paintings and social mobility.
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Extra resources for Citizenship, Belonging and Intergenerational Relations in African Migration
Specifically, Salt (2009, p. 40) found that the number of husbands from Africa migrating to the UK to join their family rose from 2540 persons in 1997 to 5760 in 2008; the number of wives migrating to the UK to join their husbands doubled from 3380 in 1997 to 6135 in 2008; and the number of African children who migrated to the UK to join their family tripled in number from 3505 in 1997, to 12,635 in 2008. The number in this last category of children migrating to the UK to join their family was higher for Africa than for those from other continents, but the number of African spouses migrating to join family was below that of those from joining from India or Asia.
These are the official figures, so they do not include undocumented migrants, estimated to be approximately 7–8 million in the EU, mostly in its southern parts (BBC News, 2007; Münz, 2008). The IOM estimates that from 2000–2005 between 65,000 and 80,000 migrants cross the Sahara annually in their quest for entry into the EU (IOM, 2006a; 2006c). The main routes used by migrants across the central Sahara start from different parts of western or central Africa and go to Agadez in Niger and then to Benghazi in Libya, Alger, Tunis or Ceuta in Spanish Morocco.
17 per cent of the sub-Saharan African population in France. 66 per cent of the total sub-Saharan African population. 7 per cent of the total sub-Saharan African population (INSEE, 2001). 9 per cent of the total) (INSEE, 2001). It is mainly young people who account for the increase in the African population of France, and they frequently subsequently have families of their own. These figures concern the flows and not the stock: 26% of the sub Saharans who arrived in France between 1990 and 1999 were under 19.