Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation by Paul Fennell, Ben Anthony

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By Paul Fennell, Ben Anthony

Calcium and Chemical Looping expertise for strength iteration and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture reports the elemental ideas, platforms, oxygen providers, and carbon dioxide vendors proper to chemical looping and combustion.

Chapters assessment the industry improvement, economics, and deployment of those platforms, additionally supplying exact info at the number of fabrics and approaches that may aid to form the way forward for CO2 capture prepared strength plants.

  • Reviews the basic rules, platforms, oxygen vendors, and carbon dioxide providers appropriate to calcium and chemical looping
  • Provides a lucid clarification of complex recommendations and advancements in calcium and chemical looping, excessive strain structures, and replacement CO2 carriers
  • Presents details out there improvement, economics, and deployment of those systems

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Extra info for Calcium and Chemical Looping Technology for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide

Sample text

In essence, it is clear that even the upper-range CO2 avoidance costs for Ca-looping are low in comparison with those of other CCS technologies, though there are issues with consistency of underlying assumptions, in particular the treatment of taxation and cost of capital. However, it is apparent that a cost of w$2011 26 Æ 10 would seem to be a reasonable best-guess CO2 avoidance cost. However, it is freely admitted that attempting to account for differences in costs between years is a significant challenge (as authors may not have actually used the publication year as the cost year), in particular because plant costs can escalate within different countries in different manners, and prevailing exchange rates change can significantly within a year.

There are also two important energy streams at constant temperature in air and fuel reactors that appear as dotted lines in the diagram; if the fuel reactor is endothermic, this energy stream becomes a requirement of heat, modifying its direction. CaL and CLC concepts present some differences. In CLC, both reactors have higher temperatures than CaL, so it is possible to produce steam with higher temperatures that lead to higher efficiencies. Nevertheless, one has to take care with energy losses, as the negative consequences could be more pronounced in these cases; also, metallurgical limits may restrict efficiency gains.

Pressurized chemicallooping combustion of coal with an iron ore-based oxygen carrier. Combustion and Flame, 157(6), 1140e1153. , & Oakey, J. (2010). Integration and evaluation of a power plant with a CaO-based CO2 capture system. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 4, 603e612. , & Jin, H. (2009). A chemical intercooling gas turbine cycle with chemical-looping combustion. Energy, 34(12), 2131e2136. , & Lior, N. (2006). A novel near-zero CO2 emission thermal cycle with LNG cryogenic exergy utilization.

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