Business-Government Relations in Prewar Japan (Routledge by Peter von Staden

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By Peter von Staden

For the company and executive courting in Japan, the pre-war interval was once an period of substantial swap. Framed via Japan’s nation-building efforts, the connection tailored and developed with the customarily fluid monetary and political conditions. As either company and executive had vested pursuits within the course and luck of Japan’s industrialization technique, on one point they turned companions. even as, even though, they have been either stakeholders within the fiercely aggressive iron and metal undefined. This booklet explores how that partner-competitor dating labored through the amalgamation of this strategic from 1916 to 1934, demonstrating how either events engaged in significant negotiation in the course of the open discussion board of the Shingikai - or Councils of Deliberation - in the course of the pre-war interval. Drawing upon the unique mins of the debates, it indicates the ways that the members defended their vested pursuits and sought to forge contract, taking the discussion board heavily as a method of influencing results, and never easily as an insignificant workout of artifice deployed to shroud the genuine locus of decision-making. Business-Government family members in Prewar Japan is a vital contribution to the literature at the courting among executive and company in pre-war Japan.

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Extra resources for Business-Government Relations in Prewar Japan (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia)

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The former directed its funds to the Seiyukai, the latter to the Kenseikai. John Roberts claims that, ‘Hara was amply funded as president of the Seiyukai . . [and that at] . . 26 Kinship also played a crucial role. 27 Kato Takaaki, who married Iwasaki Yataro’s eldest daughter, became president of the Kenseikai in 1916 and led a coalition cabinet in 1924. Similar influences were at work in the founding of the Industrial Club of Japan which, as we shall see, was a key organization in the business–politics relationship as it pertained to heavy industry.

As Johnson puts it: ‘Industry is quite willing to receive governmental assistance, but it does not like government orders. . Government is often frustrated by the excessive competition. . ’47 Nothwithstanding these differences, at one level there is a natural bond between the leaders of business and government. 48 State control In Johnson’s view, the 1930s marked a shift in the latitude afforded business by government and its implementation of policy to manage the economy. 49 Although the weight of Johnson’s analysis rests on the relationship between historical events, structural and compositional change in the bureaucracy and the promulgation of state management legislation, business also figures in his analysis albeit to a lesser degree.

38 In addition, as Matsuura Masataka39 points out, Mitsui, Mitsubishi and Sumitomo disliked the participation of their members in political affairs: In reality, the ‘zaibatsu’ had structural power based on large economic strength. For this reason, pre-War politics was closely associated with the zaibatsu which was another term for the business world. It was said that there were many instances where the zaibatsu had direct control in political affairs. However, in the case of the three large zaibatsu, Mitsui, Mitsubishi and Sumitomo, they transformed from ‘political merchants’ to ‘zaibatsu’.

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