Bulgarian Integration into Europe and NATO: Issues of by Robert D. Crangle

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By Robert D. Crangle

In the course of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics period, the Republics and their aligned countries have been assigned duties for components of financial focus on behalf of the whole Soviet bloc. those duties incorporated the pursuit of specific components of primary clinical study and know-how. due to the fact that 1990, the newly self sufficient states were rebuilding learn and improvement actions as a part of their fiscal recoveries. during this e-book it's explored how the Bulgarian examine, improvement and coverage groups may well extra heavily combine their technological know-how coverage and study review practices with these of alternative eu and NATO international locations. Questions that come up are; How do a variety of countries overview examine and improvement initiatives? How do they overview the effectiveness of the associations which sponsor or behavior such initiatives? How do they set priorities for his or her technology and expertise efforts and associations? What equipment are nations making plans to take advantage of to steer their destiny clinical progress? A Bulgarian consensus is rising approximately how basic learn initiatives are to be chosen for fundings. an analogous consensus should be rising approximately how courses and associations can be evaluated for his or her effectiveness in identifying examine initiatives. the choice of papers offered will be noticeable as an incredible milestone during this journey.IOS Press is a global technological know-how, technical and clinical writer of high quality books for lecturers, scientists, and execs in all fields. a few of the components we post in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and data structures -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All facets of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom economic system -Urban stories -Arms regulate -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences

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Hadjitodorov and N. Yakimoff / Bulgarian Participation in the NATO Science Programs 45 Figure 3 shows the number of different collaboration activity/mechanism used for the implementation of the grants. 3 It is quite clear that the collaborative linkage (research) grants are the preferred mechanism for Bulgarian researchers. 5, regarding Partner countries. 5 do not completely correspond to the total number of grants. 4 shows the cooperation with teams from Germany, UK, Greece, France, and USA is the most often observed.

Criteria with which to Evaluate the Research Investment As discussed above, an NRFO should require each proposal to fully explain the anticipated or hoped-for outcomes (not just the research activities) of the proposed project. Another aspect of project evaluation is to review the past accomplishments of individual researchers and their organizations. This is not the same thing as evaluating outcomes of projects. Project outcomes will be analyzed on their individual merits. Individual and organizational evaluation is not simply a matter of counting peer-review publications and citations, although those are important.

Criteria with which to Evaluate the Research Investment As discussed above, an NRFO should require each proposal to fully explain the anticipated or hoped-for outcomes (not just the research activities) of the proposed project. Another aspect of project evaluation is to review the past accomplishments of individual researchers and their organizations. This is not the same thing as evaluating outcomes of projects. Project outcomes will be analyzed on their individual merits. Individual and organizational evaluation is not simply a matter of counting peer-review publications and citations, although those are important.

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