Boko Haram: The Socio-Economic Drivers by Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo

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By Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo

This publication investigates the socio-economic determinants of the emergence and endurance of Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria. on account that 2009, Boko Haram keeps to trap mainstream information headlines, in addition to the mind's eye of aspiring younger Salafi-jihadists worldwide who aid the suggestion of an intensive Islamist socio-political method. through delivering an important assessment of the literature on Boko Haram and bridging examine and present occasions, the authors conceal a vast spectrum of subject matters and recommend appropriate guidelines for addressing the matter of Boko Haram terrorism. WhileBoko Haram’s motivations are ostensibly non secular, the first concentration is on socio-economic inequality as one of many major elements that predispose the upset, poverty-driven and jobless population within the northern areas of Nigeria to take in palms opposed to the kingdom. The insights offered during this publication can assist researchers and policy-makers alike to appreciate the emergence of in the community concentrated terrorist teams and insurgencies.

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In the same vein, higher level of economic inequality is noted to be positively correlated with terrorism, according to Lai (2007) while Burgoon (2006) for his part underscores the importance of social welfare spending in the reduction of international terrorist attacks—a view that is pivoted on the socioeconomic determinants of terrorism. 4 Justification of Terrorism 35 social welfare policies—including social security, unemployment, and health and education spending—affect preferences and capacities of social actors in ways that, on balance, discourage terrorism: by reducing poverty, inequality, and socioeconomic insecurity, thereby diminishing incentives to commit or tolerate terrorism, and by weakening extremist political and religious organizations and practice that provide economic and cognitive security where public safety nets are lacking.

Similarly the terroristic elimination of Hitler is applauded along the same lines. These views are anchored in the act utilitarian, which emphasizes the ‘rule of thumb’ that overrules moral constraint in certain situation where the outcome of an act generates more happiness than sorrow. 10 Considered from the perspective of an attempt to address grievance and inequality Schmid noted that the weapon of terrorism is indeed a very powerful weapon for the powerless. 32 2 Understanding the Changing Context for Terrorism themselves might not necessarily be terrorists.

Schmid (2004b, p. 211) further accentuated this view by arguing that “neither religion, nor any other lofty cause, can be accepted as a license to kill with impunity and a good conscience”. In addressing the problem of terrorism, going by the Just War theory, it is easy to condemn terrorism as evil from the perspective of the “condemner” but it is a different story altogether from the perspective of the “condemned”. The latter, based on the belief that they are fighting against what they deemed as an unjust system—as in the case of Boko Haram—do not considered their actions evil.

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