Autopoietic Knowledge Systems in Project-Based Companies by K. Koskinen

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By K. Koskinen

This publication supplies an alternate observational scheme to raised comprehend wisdom construction and studying in project-based companies. It builds upon emergent new methods of taking a look at tasks that is vital - as any self-discipline remains alive via mirrored image and re-framing rules as they're challenged, argued and clarified.

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The term autopoiesis was originally conceived as an attempt to characterize the nature of living systems, and most famously adapted by German sociologist Luhmann, who describes the same concept in social systems. Since its introduction, autopoiesis theory has gradually evolved into a general systems theory (Varela, 1979; Luhmann, 1987; van Twist and Schaap, 1991). It has even been claimed that autopoiesis is a theoretical paradigm rather than a unified theory. g. Buckley, 1967) over the last three decades, that is, towards seeing systems as adapting to their environment and, thus, being ever more open.

Useful for problems that can justifiably be quantified. ), and may treat people as being passive, rather than having complex motivations. • Soft systems – for systems that cannot easily be quantified, especially those involving people holding multiple and conflicting frames of reference. Useful for understanding motivations, viewpoints, and interactions, and addressing qualitative as well as the quantitative dimensions of problem situations. • Evolutionary systems – evolutionary systems, similar to dynamic systems are understood as open, complex systems, but with the capacity to evolve over time.

A system, which only produces something other than itself, is an allopoietic system. In other words, an allopoietic system produces components which do not participate in its constitution as an autonomous unity. Even if a system is capable of producing an exact replica of itself, a clone, it has produced something other than itself and has thus remained allopoietic. The above comments should not be interpreted as implying that an autopoietic system cannot produce anything other than itself: reproduction of autopoietic systems refers to their ability to produce autopoietic unities that are distinct from themselves.

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