By Igor I. Sobelman, J.P. Toennis
Atomic Spectra and Radiative Transitions covers the systematics of atomic spectra, non-stop spectrum radiation, and the excitation of atoms. This moment variation has extra chapters on relativistic corrections within the spectra of hugely charged ions, which rounds off the former remedy. large tables of oscillator strengths (both dipole and quadrupole), percentages and go sections of radiative transitions entire this textbook, making it necessary additionally as a reference paintings.
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Extra resources for Atomic Spectra and Radiative Transitions
I . . . . i . . . . i . . . . 0 t 47 . . . . c_ =.. 7 Cl. 4 - . . . .
100 10 -1 ~ Pt(111) - - " - - Ne (Exp) - - - e - - Ar (Exp) 10-2 (b) - - a - - Xe (Exp) - - o - - Ne (Sim) - - - o - - Ar (Sim) o , Xe (Sim) --A-- 101 100 10 2 10 3 10 4 energy [eV] Fig. 8a,b. (a) Adatom yields and (b) adatom/sputter yield ratios for Pt(111) as a function of bombarding energy for three projectiles. 72] (closed and open symbols, respectively) that the energy required to form an adatom, U~, is smaller than that necessary to sputter-eject an atom, Us: at low energies atoms may form adatoms but may not be able to escape from the surface, and thus Ya/Y~ will increase.
10). 0219 nm. 0181 nm 2. 9) underestimate stopping at the energies relevant for atom ejection by roughly a factor of two. Note that ~0 -- 3/4NCo is a characteristic depth of origin of the sputtered atoms (for a discussion of this quantity, see below). 8, 11] via FD (E, O, O) = a g S n (E) . 32) Here c~ is a dimensionless function of the incidence angle 0, the mass ratio M2/M1 (and the energy E, if electronic stopping is important). Absolute values of c~ have been given by Sigmund and were later interpolated from experimental sputtering yields.