By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the U.S. has led the realm in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable financial system and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. ability for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide protection kingdom, a fancy of organisations, courses, and hybrid preparations that has constructed round the establishment of everlasting safety preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that complicated emerged and the way it has developed in keeping with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly warfare interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss makes a speciality of state-funded enterprise capital cash, new sorts of know-how procurement via security and security-related enterprises, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide safety nation has been the crucible for leap forward recommendations, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent corporations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector tasks. Her publication appraises power myths concerning the military-commercial courting on the middle of the nationwide safety nation. Weiss additionally discusses the results for knowing U.S. capitalism, the yankee nation, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized firms curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Additional info for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State
Not only did the war transform the federal government’s role within high-technology sectors of the national economy, it also transformed the role of American ﬁrms within the global economy. S. economy rarely spawned radically new technological ﬁelds or industrial sectors. S. position in science and technology was not one of leadership. The notable exception was the agricultural sector, historically a stronghold of federal government support. The American university was another institution remade by the Cold War and the rise of the NSS, and that in turn generated an industrial ecosystem.
School science curricula were strengthened; science education was prioritized; R&D funding was increased. In addition, to boost the innovation effort, the federal government founded two new research and technology-oriented agencies (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and NASA), created another hybrid institution to seed a modern venture capital industry (the Small Business Investment Corporation), expanded the NIH, and centralized DoD science and 32 Chapter 2 technology policy by creating the position of Deputy Director of Research and Engineering.
Following several successive events—the Soviet blockade of Berlin in June 1948, the “loss” of 500 million inhabitants of China to the communist camp in 1949, and the Soviets’ successful detonation of a nuclear weapon that same year—Truman and many of his closest advisers cast communism as a direct military threat, not just a dangerous subversive force. S. military buildup. It cited Soviet consolidation of power in eastern Europe as evidence of its expansionist intentions, and called for the West to contain the Soviet Union as justiﬁcation for the United States to pursue a major buildup of its conventional military and nuclear forces.