By Keith Griffin
The query of other options for financial improvement is the topic of significant controversy and excessive debate among practitioners and teachers fascinated with financial and social growth within the 3rd international. The middle of this ebook is an research of the six most generally followed thoughts of improvement specifically monetarism, the open economic system, industrialisation, the fairway revolution or agriculture-led improvement, redistributive ideas of improvement and socialist concepts.
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Extra resources for Alternative Strategies for Economic Development
27. Louis Theron de Montauge, L 'agriculture etles claues rurab· dansle pays toulousain de puis /e milieu du XVIII" siecle, (1869) quoted in Eugen Weber, Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914, London, Chatto and Windus, 1977, p. 22. 28. See Amartya Sen, op. , p. 163. 29. See Marshall Sahlins, Stone Age Economics, Chicago, Aldine-Atherton, 1972. 30. Marshall Sahlins, "The Original Affluent Society", Development, 1986:3, p. 22, emphasis in the original. 22 31. The source of the calculations is State Statistical Bureau, People's Republic of China, Statistical Yearbook of China 1984, Economic Information and Agency, Hong Kong, 1984, Table I, p.
Into Frelfchmen: The Modernization of Rural France 1870-1914, London, Chatto and Windus, 1977, pp. 67 and 70:) 42. The numbers cited were reported in South, August 1986, pp. 39 ff. 43. See Hedley Bull, The Anardiical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, London, Macmillan, 1977. 44. l the Making of the Modern World, London, Allen Lane, 1967. 23 Chapter 2 MANY PATHS TO DEVELOPMENT Most Third World countries have been independent for 25 to 40 years and some for much longer. Spanish and Portuguese speaking Latin America became independent in the nineteenth century, Asia in the 1940s and Africa in the 1960s.
In some countries a positive value may be attached to reducing regional differences whereas in others zero value may be attached to this. Similarly, in some countries a high value may be given by government to preserving the monopoly of political power by certain groups whereas in other countries a negative value might be given to this, positive values given instead to the diffusion of political power and the creation of democratic institutions. Again, in some countries the development of a strong public sector may be positively valued and in others negatively valued.