By Metin Basoglu
''Mass trauma occasions, akin to traditional failures, conflict and torture, have an effect on hundreds of thousands of individuals each year. presently, there isn't any psychological overall healthiness care version with the capability to deal with the mental wishes of survivors in a cheap manner. This ebook provides one of these version, besides counsel on its implementation, making it important for either policy-makers and psychological overall healthiness pros. development on extra than 20 years of in depth learn with mass trauma survivors, the authors current a version of irritating tension to help figuring out of mass trauma and the way its mental effect might be triumph over with control-focused behavioral therapy. this article deals a serious assessment of assorted arguable concerns within the box of mental trauma in mild of modern study findings. together with established manuals on earthquake trauma, overlaying remedy supply and self-help, the booklet could be of use to survivors themselves in addition to care providers''--Provided through publisher. Read more...
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Extra resources for A mental healthcare model for mass trauma survivors : control-focused behavioral treatment of earthquake, war, and torture trauma
Cognitive and behavioral responses to earthquakes In this section we review some observations on individual and collective responses to earthquakes and various cognitive and behavioral strategies that people commonly utilize in coping with fear. These observations highlight the prevalent and pervasive nature of fear among earthquake survivors and provide remarkable examples of how humans respond to unpredictable and uncontrollable stressors. Aftershocks As noted earlier, major earthquakes are often followed by numerous aftershocks that usually last several months or sometimes much longer.
The aftershocks were quite frequent in the early weeks and months of the disaster, occurring at variable intervals and variable times of the day. Many people used various coping strategies to reduce their fear. A typical behavioral pattern involved a search for any information that would help them assess the extent of danger they were facing. Millions of people were glued to their TV sets, watching earthquake-related programs and listening to seismologists, trying to understand where the active fault lines are located and the risks they posed for various locations in the region.
These ﬁndings point to a strong association between hopelessness and depression. Evidence from experimental work with animals shows that exposure to uncontrollable electric shocks is associated with various associative, motivational, and emotional deﬁcits (Overmier and Seligman, 1967; Seligman and Maier, 1967). , 1971). Animals initially exposed to uncontrollable shocks later fail to learn to escape or avoid shocks that are potentially controllable in a different situation, because they learn to expect that they have no control over outcomes.