A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries, Volume II: by Julie Coleman

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By Julie Coleman

The booklet of Francis Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue revolutionized the lexicography of non-standard English. His impression is felt in many of the dictionaries coated during this quantity which replica, variously, his conscientiously documented reliance on written resources, his thrilled revelation of first-hand adventure of the seedier aspect of London existence, and his word-list. in this interval, glossaries of cant are thrown into the color by way of dictionaries of slang, which come with the language of thieves, yet conceal a wider spectrum of non-standard English. whereas cant represented a pragmatic chance to estate and existence, slang was once an ethical danger to the very constitution of society. within the 1820s, Pierce Egan's existence in London proven how renowned and winning slang literature might be one of the plenty. This quantity additionally contains the earliest Australian and American slang glossaries, via members like James Hardy Vaux (a convict transported thrice) and George Matsell (New York's first leader of police).

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See humbug. HUM, to hum, or humbug, to deceive, or impose on one by some story or device. BECK, a beadle. See hermanbeck. HARMAN BECK, a beadle, (cant). BILL OF SALE, a widow’s weeds. See house to let. SIGN OF A HOUSE TO LET, a widow’s weeds. Unsuccessful cross-references are evenly distributed through the alphabet. This edition of Grose’s dictionary also includes a few addenda and corrigenda. The additions include: JAPANNED, ordained; to be japanned, to enter into holy orders, to become a clergyman; from the colour of the Japan ware, which is black.

CAG MAGGS. Old Lincolnshire geese, which having been plucked ten or twelve years, are sent up to London to feast the cockneys. WHORE-MONGER. A man that keeps more than one mistress. ’ 41 Hotten, Dictionary, 154. 25. Hell upon Earth: or the most Pleasant and Delectable History of Whittington’s Colledge, Otherwise (vulgarly) called Newgate (London: no publisher’s details, 1703); Scoundrel’s Dictionary (London: J. Brownnell, 1754). 2. 25] Francis Grose 41 Thirdly, the handwritten versions of these entries were polished and improved for the published edition, both orthographically and stylistically, thus indicating that they were not copied from the second edition (the other possible explanation for the similarity): Annotations Admiral of the Narrow Seas One who from Drunkenness vomits into the lap of his opposite companion.

41 Hotten, Dictionary, 154. 25. Hell upon Earth: or the most Pleasant and Delectable History of Whittington’s Colledge, Otherwise (vulgarly) called Newgate (London: no publisher’s details, 1703); Scoundrel’s Dictionary (London: J. Brownnell, 1754). 2. 25] Francis Grose 41 Thirdly, the handwritten versions of these entries were polished and improved for the published edition, both orthographically and stylistically, thus indicating that they were not copied from the second edition (the other possible explanation for the similarity): Annotations Admiral of the Narrow Seas One who from Drunkenness vomits into the lap of his opposite companion.

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