A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon

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By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the heart a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a note or time period which isn't understood or in basic terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - even though the sort of declare is necessarily rash. even if, it's been designed within the wish that it'll be of genuine support to non-academic readers, and now and again perhaps even to experts. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are often present in glossy books of heritage of the interval; equally, the perfect which means of previous English and center English phrases may well elude contemporary reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the starting place and evolution of a observe supplies a greater understanding....

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The Riwle was written in English anonymously for three sisters of gentle birth. Both Latin and French versions were available until the 16c. Its use of alliteration is highly ornamental, while its tone has the fervour of sermon and the intensity of poetry. The Riwle is one of the earliest surviving examples of sustained ME prose. – Cf. ANCHORITE Ancrene Wisse. See previous Andred. The Weald, the great forest in Kent and Sussex. – Cf. WOLD Angel 1. Angels were beings believed to be incorporeal but which when manifesting themselves to human beings assumed a body of air, the least corporeal of the *elements.

Cf. AD MALAM; MALMAN Ad pondum. Lit. ‘by weight’. Method of payment in which coins were weighed, rather than counted. Latin pondus = pound, from which our monetary pound. – Cf. TALE Ad quod damnum. Lit. ’ The phrase was used of inquisitions undertaken to discover what damage or loss of revenue the king might incur in a district or town if he granted a market licence. Ad succurrendum. Lit. ‘towards salvation’. The medieval Latin term used of the benefactor of a monastery who, late in life, joined that house as a full member.

Ard-ri. High king of Ireland. High kings ruled in Ireland but rarely without some opposition, as they were not always acknowledged by provincial kings. Argent. Her. A white or silver *tincture. Argenteus. A silver shilling. [L argenteus = silver (adjective)] Arglwydd. The Welsh word for a lord, or one of the lesser rulers within Wales. When translated into Latin, dominus was used. Arglwydd replaced the Welsh word brenin in the late 12c and the early 13c when the overlordship of the English king was acknowledged.

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