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# Category: Gravity

# Black Holes

# Gravity, Special Relativity, and the Strong Force: A

# Defying Gravity: Land Divers, Roller Coasters, Gravity Bums,

# Prespacetime Journal Volume 7 Issue 5: Entanglement,

# Time Reversal, The Arthur Rich Memorial Symposium (AIP

# Space, Time, and the Limits of Human Understanding

# What Is Life? - A Gravity Driven Model of Cosmological

# Exact Solutions of Einstein's Field Equations (Cambridge

# Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants (Lecture

# Hamiltonian Mechanics: Integrability and Chaotic Behavior

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The illustration is from p. 161 of Hopkins' book Experimental Science (1890). What is the maximum velocity a person can reach while falling? But they are so near the density of water that dissolving sufficient salt (several teaspoonsful to a glass) in the water will make them float. It may increase somewhat with increasing current demand by the load. The bosons are also unlike the others as they have charge and mass, so much mass in fact that they are heavier that atoms of Rubidium!

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The illustration is from p. 161 of Hopkins' book Experimental Science (1890). What is the maximum velocity a person can reach while falling? But they are so near the density of water that dissolving sufficient salt (several teaspoonsful to a glass) in the water will make them float. It may increase somewhat with increasing current demand by the load. The bosons are also unlike the others as they have charge and mass, so much mass in fact that they are heavier that atoms of Rubidium!

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The explanation involves a consideration of the forces and torques on the spool (see the diagram). But the energy that temporarily maintains a current in a coil after the battery is removed is not energy that belongs to any bit of matter. This is attainable. ∆T = (b) a10.02 − 10.00f a10.00fe19.0 × 10 j − a10.02fe24.0 × 10 j −6 −6 ∆T = −396° C so T = −376° C which is below 0 K so it cannot be reached. Some conspiracy buffs argue that engineering standards require a safety factor several times the actual load on the structure, but the dynamic loads would far overwhelm those standards.

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The explanation involves a consideration of the forces and torques on the spool (see the diagram). But the energy that temporarily maintains a current in a coil after the battery is removed is not energy that belongs to any bit of matter. This is attainable. ∆T = (b) a10.02 − 10.00f a10.00fe19.0 × 10 j − a10.02fe24.0 × 10 j −6 −6 ∆T = −396° C so T = −376° C which is below 0 K so it cannot be reached. Some conspiracy buffs argue that engineering standards require a safety factor several times the actual load on the structure, but the dynamic loads would far overwhelm those standards.

Read more "Gravity, Special Relativity, and the Strong Force: A"

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Altering the separation distance (r) results in an alteration in the force of gravity acting between the objects. Thus, ∑ m i xi xCG = ∑ mi e72.0 cm ja2.00 cmf + e32.0 cm ja8.00 cmf = = 2 2 72.0 cm 2 + 32.0 cm 2 3.85 cm and yCG = ∑ m i yi ∑ mi e72.0 cm ja9.00 cmf + e32.0 cm ja2.00 cmf = 2 = 2 104 cm 2 6.85 cm. 4.00 cm Chapter 12 P12.6 Let σ represent the mass-per-face area. We next consider the light’s exit from the second surface, for which R = −6.00 cm.

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Altering the separation distance (r) results in an alteration in the force of gravity acting between the objects. Thus, ∑ m i xi xCG = ∑ mi e72.0 cm ja2.00 cmf + e32.0 cm ja8.00 cmf = = 2 2 72.0 cm 2 + 32.0 cm 2 3.85 cm and yCG = ∑ m i yi ∑ mi e72.0 cm ja9.00 cmf + e32.0 cm ja2.00 cmf = 2 = 2 104 cm 2 6.85 cm. 4.00 cm Chapter 12 P12.6 Let σ represent the mass-per-face area. We next consider the light’s exit from the second surface, for which R = −6.00 cm.

Read more "Defying Gravity: Land Divers, Roller Coasters, Gravity Bums,"

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In most cases the electrons are close enough to thermal equilibrium that their temperature is relatively well-defined, even when there is a significant deviation from a Maxwellian energy distribution function, for example due to UV radiation, energetic particles, or strong electric fields. Z a P42.71 e F 1.00 eV I = G J JK s yr j H 1.60 × 10 1.055 × 10 −34 J ⋅ s 2r 1 z 2 e − z dz where z ≡ 2 5.00 a0 dr = 1 2 z + 2z + 2 e−z 2 Al: V = (b) 2 so ∆E ≈ f ∆E = 2 µ B B = hf e ja f e j so 2 9.27 × 10 −24 J T 0.350 T = 6.626 × 10 −34 J ⋅ s f and f = 9.79 × 10 9 Hz. 542 P42.72 Atomic Physics ψ a f FGH a1 IJK FGH 2 − ar IJK e IF 3 − r I d ψ F Ae =G dr H a JK GH 2 4a JK 25 1 = 2π 4 FG H 3 2 −1 2 0 − r 2 a0 IJ K r −r e a0 = A 2− 0 dψ = Ae − r dr 2 a0 F− 2 + r I GH a 2a JK 0 2 0 − r 2 a0 2 2 2 0 0 Substituting into Schrödinger’s equation and dividing by Ae − r 2 Now with a 0 = 2 a0, we will have a solution if 2 2k e2 k e2 2 2 5 2 r Er + e + + − e = 2E −. 2 3 4 m e a0 a0 r a0 8m e a0 m e a0 r − me e2 ke, this reduces to 2 mee4ke − 8 2 FG 2 − r IJ = EFG 2 − r IJ.

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In most cases the electrons are close enough to thermal equilibrium that their temperature is relatively well-defined, even when there is a significant deviation from a Maxwellian energy distribution function, for example due to UV radiation, energetic particles, or strong electric fields. Z a P42.71 e F 1.00 eV I = G J JK s yr j H 1.60 × 10 1.055 × 10 −34 J ⋅ s 2r 1 z 2 e − z dz where z ≡ 2 5.00 a0 dr = 1 2 z + 2z + 2 e−z 2 Al: V = (b) 2 so ∆E ≈ f ∆E = 2 µ B B = hf e ja f e j so 2 9.27 × 10 −24 J T 0.350 T = 6.626 × 10 −34 J ⋅ s f and f = 9.79 × 10 9 Hz. 542 P42.72 Atomic Physics ψ a f FGH a1 IJK FGH 2 − ar IJK e IF 3 − r I d ψ F Ae =G dr H a JK GH 2 4a JK 25 1 = 2π 4 FG H 3 2 −1 2 0 − r 2 a0 IJ K r −r e a0 = A 2− 0 dψ = Ae − r dr 2 a0 F− 2 + r I GH a 2a JK 0 2 0 − r 2 a0 2 2 2 0 0 Substituting into Schrödinger’s equation and dividing by Ae − r 2 Now with a 0 = 2 a0, we will have a solution if 2 2k e2 k e2 2 2 5 2 r Er + e + + − e = 2E −. 2 3 4 m e a0 a0 r a0 8m e a0 m e a0 r − me e2 ke, this reduces to 2 mee4ke − 8 2 FG 2 − r IJ = EFG 2 − r IJ.

Read more "Prespacetime Journal Volume 7 Issue 5: Entanglement,"

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Q43.8 Ionically bonded solids are generally poor electric conductors, as they have no free electrons. P11.9 F2 Chapter 11 *P11.10 i × i = 1 ⋅ 1 ⋅ sin 0° = 0 i× j=k k k × j = −i k×i= j i j × i = −k j×k = i j j × j and k × k are zero similarly since the vectors being multiplied are parallel. 329 i × k = −j i × j = 1 ⋅ 1 ⋅ sin 90° = 1 FIG. More interesting / and from the point of view of electrically supporting the creation of life force - probably more useful - we now have - from Winter: Gravity, Implosion, and Self-Awareness (Potentially infinite wave multiple-connectedness by CONSTRUCTIVE COMPRESSION) = Charge Acceleration thru C by FRACTALITY!

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Q43.8 Ionically bonded solids are generally poor electric conductors, as they have no free electrons. P11.9 F2 Chapter 11 *P11.10 i × i = 1 ⋅ 1 ⋅ sin 0° = 0 i× j=k k k × j = −i k×i= j i j × i = −k j×k = i j j × j and k × k are zero similarly since the vectors being multiplied are parallel. 329 i × k = −j i × j = 1 ⋅ 1 ⋅ sin 90° = 1 FIG. More interesting / and from the point of view of electrically supporting the creation of life force - probably more useful - we now have - from Winter: Gravity, Implosion, and Self-Awareness (Potentially infinite wave multiple-connectedness by CONSTRUCTIVE COMPRESSION) = Charge Acceleration thru C by FRACTALITY!

Read more "Time Reversal, The Arthur Rich Memorial Symposium (AIP"

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This is the physical cause of the independence of gravitational acceleration from the mass of an object. Using Newton's gravitational formula, it is relatively easy to calculate the pull of gravity between two objects. Probably the only important concept it misses is energy, but everything else is there: force, mass, acceleration, inertia, momentum, weight, vector addition, projectile motion, circular motion, satellite motion, gravitation, tidal forces, the precession of the equinoxes….

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This is the physical cause of the independence of gravitational acceleration from the mass of an object. Using Newton's gravitational formula, it is relatively easy to calculate the pull of gravity between two objects. Probably the only important concept it misses is energy, but everything else is there: force, mass, acceleration, inertia, momentum, weight, vector addition, projectile motion, circular motion, satellite motion, gravitation, tidal forces, the precession of the equinoxes….

Read more "Space, Time, and the Limits of Human Understanding"

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A recent alternative explanation is that the geometry of space is not homogeneous (due to clusters of galaxies) and that when the data are reinterpreted to take this into account, the expansion is not speeding up after all, [36] however this conclusion is disputed. [37] Anomalous increase of the astronomical unit: Recent measurements indicate that planetary orbits are widening faster than if this were solely through the Sun losing mass by radiating energy.

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A recent alternative explanation is that the geometry of space is not homogeneous (due to clusters of galaxies) and that when the data are reinterpreted to take this into account, the expansion is not speeding up after all, [36] however this conclusion is disputed. [37] Anomalous increase of the astronomical unit: Recent measurements indicate that planetary orbits are widening faster than if this were solely through the Sun losing mass by radiating energy.

Read more "What Is Life? - A Gravity Driven Model of Cosmological"

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As a consequence, a light beam which passes a massive object is bent towards that object. The equation used to relate these two terms is v=c/&, where v is the frequency, c is the speed of light, and & is the wavelength. Thus area and volume of any portion of space are also quantized, where the quanta are elementary quanta of space. Which of the following All these options are correct; they represent different levels of precision, even though the numerical value is the same.

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As a consequence, a light beam which passes a massive object is bent towards that object. The equation used to relate these two terms is v=c/&, where v is the frequency, c is the speed of light, and & is the wavelength. Thus area and volume of any portion of space are also quantized, where the quanta are elementary quanta of space. Which of the following All these options are correct; they represent different levels of precision, even though the numerical value is the same.

Read more "Exact Solutions of Einstein's Field Equations (Cambridge"

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Thus, K max = E − U min = −3.0 J − −5.6 J = 2.6 J. (e) Kinetic energy is a maximum when the potential energy is a minimum, at r = 1.5 mm. (f) P8.47 The system energy E cannot be less than –5.6 J. This means that there are no "messenger particles," just string collisions with other strings and virtual strings. Chapter 44 (b) First, calculate the Q-value for the reaction: 587 Q = M N-14 + M He- 4 − M O-17 − M H-1 c 2 b OP = −a−1.19 MeVfLM1 + 4.002 603 OP = Q N 14.003 074 Q g Q = 14.003 074 + 4.002 603 − 16.999 132 − 1.007 825 u 931.5 MeV u = −1.19 MeV.

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Thus, K max = E − U min = −3.0 J − −5.6 J = 2.6 J. (e) Kinetic energy is a maximum when the potential energy is a minimum, at r = 1.5 mm. (f) P8.47 The system energy E cannot be less than –5.6 J. This means that there are no "messenger particles," just string collisions with other strings and virtual strings. Chapter 44 (b) First, calculate the Q-value for the reaction: 587 Q = M N-14 + M He- 4 − M O-17 − M H-1 c 2 b OP = −a−1.19 MeVfLM1 + 4.002 603 OP = Q N 14.003 074 Q g Q = 14.003 074 + 4.002 603 − 16.999 132 − 1.007 825 u 931.5 MeV u = −1.19 MeV.

Read more "Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants (Lecture"

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I can't quite get my head around where the boundary is for the centripetal force - when we jump in the air, would we become satelites in a way because we're going so fast around the planet that we're constantly falling towards it like a satelite? Stand perfectly straight and try jumping without crouching. .. you didn't get very high, did you?) Now let's follow the changing forces that go into making an ollie.

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I can't quite get my head around where the boundary is for the centripetal force - when we jump in the air, would we become satelites in a way because we're going so fast around the planet that we're constantly falling towards it like a satelite? Stand perfectly straight and try jumping without crouching. .. you didn't get very high, did you?) Now let's follow the changing forces that go into making an ollie.

Read more "Hamiltonian Mechanics: Integrability and Chaotic Behavior"